Well, today we need to travel to the deep Andalusia, the almost unknown, which still resists to leave customs and habits that are already history. The one who only lives from the countryside, from the sweat of her farmers, from the vineyard and the olive grove, from the real Andalusia.
In this case, we are going to return for moments to the romantic s. XIX, where banditry was somehow a way to fight against the concentration of power and money of a few, while the common people lived in misery, at first and that led to resistance to the Napoleonic invasion later.
One of those well-known bandits was José María “El Tempranillo”. He was born in Jauja, which is a small village in Lucena (province of Cordoba), in the heart of Andalusia, and was very popular among his countrymen and later for the whole world, thanks to the writer Washington Irving, as the Andalusian Robin Hood.
And it is in its most immediate radius of action, where this route takes place, which in one day, can give us to know not only this phenomenon of Andalusian banditry, but many keys to what Andalusia was, and continues to be today.
Once we are on the terrain, we can see that the area passes from abrupt landscapes, we are the Sierras Subbéticas, perfect for hiding, to totally open landscapes, such as the countryside. And it is in these two types of views, where most of its activity took place. In the countryside, large agricultural estates belonging to great lords, who had the people of the village working for them from sun to sun, and steep places, perfect for livestock that also belonged to these large latifundistas. This was the time when the so-called bourgeoisie began to emerge, joining the already existing noble families.
The route starts in Jauja, where the Church of San José would be visited, where Tempranillo was baptized, and later on the “Thematic Centre of Romantic Banditry”. In this place, we are given the keys to the phenomenon of banditry within its socio-economic context, and we are introduced to our compatriot bandit, his adventures and history.
We will continue visiting Alameda and the Church of the Immaculate Conception and Mausoleum of the Patio of José María El Tempranillo where his tomb is located.
The lunch, could be in the same Alameda, in the “Restaurante Posada José María El Tempranillo”, to continue with a visit to Benamejí.
The La Duquesa de Benamejí Theme Centre shows visitors
how the phenomenon of the Romantic Bandit of the 19th century has been treated in painting, sculpture, literature, cinema or theatre.
It is in Benamejí where the visit ends, in less than a day, you can have a good idea of what Jose´maría “El Temprenillo” meant, and also the phenomenon of banditry of the nineteenth century.
To be able to make the route, you can ask for assistance or guides in:
Tourist Information Office Tierras de José María El Tempranillo
C/ Iglesia, 51 – 14911 Jauja-Lucena (Córdoba)
TLF.957519071 / 955547111 – firstname.lastname@example.org