With the validation on April 3, 2019 of Royal Decree-Law 7/2019, of March 1, ends the show or dance of the Royal Decrees initiated in the month of December by the Government, at least for now, because unfortunately, this social issue, and at the same time controversial, of urban leases will always be present and other parties will raise other measures.
Of course, what is incomprehensible to landlords and tenants is that version of the law must be applied, depending on whether the rental contract has been signed, creating more and more inequalities in short periods of time between landlord and tenant.
In December 2018 we were surprised with a Royal Decree-law approved by the Government, and as we have already commented here, after 35 days it was not validated by Congress, but whose legal regime is maintained for that period between the entry into force and its repeal (contracts subsequent to December 19, 2018 and prior to January 22, 2019). Then, from this last date we returned to the previous regulation, that of Law 4/2013 which modified LAU 29/1994, and which applies to contracts subsequent to January 22, 2019.
And, when we already believed that the ridicule had reached its maximum splendour, we had not fallen into the fact that our governors are going for it all, who cares whoever the rules affect…, who cares about the Society to which they resort so much to justify their actions… On 1 March they again approved another Royal Decree-law, again by way of urgency, 7/2019, which entered into force on 6 March, but this time, the situation was even more complicated, because it occurred at the end of the legislature and also needed to be validated by the Congress of Deputies, which this time would be dissolved, so it should be the Permanent Deputation in charge of obtaining such approval.
Finally, on 3 April 2019, the Permanent Deputation of the Congress validated Royal Decree-Law 7/2019 of 1 March.
In short, we arrive at the SIXTH LEGAL REGIME with this Royal Decree-Law of 1 March 2019, which will apply to leases of housing held the day after its publication in the BOE (5 March 2019), therefore, subsequent to 6 March of this year.
|DATE OF THE HOUSING LEASE||APPLICABLE LEGISLATION|
|Leases entered into after 1 July 1964 and prior to 9 May 1985
|Decreto 4104/1964 de 24 de diciembre, Texto refundido LAU (SP/LEG/1349)
Disposición Transitoria Segunda LAU 29/94 (SP/LEG/1539)
|Leases entered into after 9 May 1985 and prior to 1 January 1995||Decreto 4104/1964 de 24 de diciembre, por el que se aprueba el Texto refundido LAU (SP/LEG/1349)
Real Decreto-Ley 2/1985 de 30 de abril, sobre Medidas de Política Económica (SP/LEG/1993)
Disposición Transitoria Primera, apartado 1 LAU 29/94(SP/LEG/1539)
|Leases after 1 January 1995 and prior to 6 June 2013||Ley 29/94 de 24 de noviembre, de arrendamientos Urbanos (SP/LEG/1539)|
|Leases after 6 June 2013 and prior to 19 December 2018||Ley 29/94 de 24 de noviembre, de arrendamientos Urbanos modificada por Ley 4/2013, de medidas de flexibilización y fomento del mercado del alquiler de viviendas (SP/LEG/1539)|
|Leases subsequent to 19 December 2018 and prior to 22 January 2019
|Ley 29/94 de 24 de noviembre, de arrendamientos Urbanos modificada por R.D.Ley 21/2018, de 14 de diciembre (SP/LEG/1539)|
|Leases subsequent to 22 January 2019 and prior to 6 March 2019
|Ley 29/94 de 24 de noviembre, de arrendamientos Urbanos modificada por Ley 4/2013, de medidas de flexibilización y fomento del mercado del alquiler de viviendas (SP/LEG/1539)
|Leases after 6 March 2019
|Ley 29/94 de 24 de noviembre, de arrendamientos Urbanos modificada por R.D.Ley 7/2019, de 1 de marzo (SP/LEG/1539)
Of course, in view of what we have experienced in recent months, our politicians should, in the interests of legal certainty, assess their impulses and measures before rushing to approve legal provisions as a matter of urgency, without taking into account the repercussions on society.